WHAT IS DOWN SYNDROME?
Down syndrome is a neuro developmental genetic disorder. It occurs in about 1 in 830 newborns and is a chromosomal disorder caused by an error in cell division that results in an extra 21st chromosome. The condition leads to impairments in both cognitive ability and physical growth that range from mild to moderate developmental disabilities.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS?
Individuals with Down Syndrome have a constellation of symptoms in three main categories-
WHY IS DOWN SYNDROME CAUSED?
Down Syndrome is congenital andis caused by a random error in cell division that results in presence of an extra copy of chromosome 21. Three types of chromosomal changes can lead to Down Syndrome.
WHO IS AT THE RISK?
Risk of a child having Down Syndrome is higher if:
HOW IS IT DIAGNOSED?
Screening tests are used to estimate the risk that a fetus has Down syndrome. They include-
Diagnostics tests can tell whether the fetus actually has the condition. They include-
HOW IS IT MANAGED?
Having Down Syndrome, or having a child with the condition can be challenging at times. But with help and support, most people are able to have healthy, active and more independent lives.
WHEN TO SEE A DOCTOR?
At present, screening for Down Syndrome is offered to all pregnant women. If you fear that your child may be facing a problem, please visit a health professional.
WHERE CAN THEY BE TAKEN CARE OF?
At HCRA, we have a trusted team of multiple health professionals that offer valuable support. We cater to the special needs of the individual with Down Syndrome by way of providing occupational therapies to help in activities of daily living, special education, behavioural interventions when required and counselling to the parents or other care givers.