ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER (ADHD)
WHAT IS ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER?
ADHD is a condition that affects children and adolescents and can continue into adulthood for some. It is described as a “persistent” or on-goingpattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that gets in the way of daily life at home, at school and at play. ADHD has three subtypes-
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS?
Inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity are the key behaviours of ADHD.
Symptoms in inattentive presentation-
Symptoms of hyperactive-impulsive presentation:
Combined hyperactive-impulsive and inattentive presentation has the symptoms of both the above.
WHY IS ADHD CAUSED?
The exact cause of ADHD is not fully understood, although a combination of factors is thought to be responsible:
WHO IS AT THE RISK?
There are a number of things that may put a child or teen at greater risk for being diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. These include:
HOW IS IT DIAGNOSED?
There is no standard test or set of tests to diagnose ADHD. The diagnosis is a matter of degree and must be made by a mental health professional with experience in this area who has thoroughly assessed your child’s behaviour in a variety of situations.To be diagnosed with ADHD, your child must also have:
HOW IS IT MANAGED?
The treatment of ADHD often requires several interventions in your child’s environments in order to improve the ability to function. Typical treatment involves-
WHEN TO SEE A DOCTOR?
If you feel that it is difficult for your child to sustain attention and complete tasks, acts impulsively and interrupts others without thinking and are worried about it being ADHD visit a health professional.
WHERE THEY CAN BE TAKEN CARE OF?
At HCRA, our multidisciplinaryreviews the child’s case and starts intervention accordingly. The HCRA team provides behavioural therapy, creative techniques in education and counsels the parents about how to support the child at home. Referral to a psychiatrist is also done in case medication is required.