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Disability Conditions we treat

Home ADHD

ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER (ADHD) 

 

WHAT IS ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER?

ADHD is a condition that affects children and adolescents and can continue into adulthood for some. It is described as a “persistent” or on-goingpattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that gets in the way of daily life at home, at school and at play. ADHD has three subtypes-

  • Predominantly hyperactive-impulsive
  • Predominantly inattentive
  • Combined hyperactive-impulsive and inattentive

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS?

Inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity are the key behaviours of ADHD.

Symptoms in inattentive presentation-

  • Fails to give close attention to details or makes careless mistakes.
  • Has difficulty sustaining attention.
  • Does not appear to listen.
  • Struggles to follow through on instructions and has difficulty with organization.
  • Loses things and is easily distracted.
  • Is forgetful in daily activities.

Symptoms of hyperactive-impulsive presentation:

  • Fidgets with hands or feet or squirms in chair and has difficulty remaining seated.
  • Difficulty engaging in activities quietly.
  • Talks excessively
  • Blurts out answers before questions have been completed and difficulty waiting or taking turns.
  • Interrupts or intrudes upon others.

Combined hyperactive-impulsive and inattentive presentation has the symptoms of both the above.

WHY IS ADHD CAUSED?

The exact cause of ADHD is not fully understood, although a combination of factors is thought to be responsible:

  • Genetically inherited
  • Environmental factors like exposure to high levels of lead
  • Brain injuries
  • Refined sugars and diet factors make ADHD symptoms worse

WHO IS AT THE RISK?

There are a number of things that may put a child or teen at greater risk for being diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. These include:

  • Someone in their family (such as a brother or sister, or parent, or grandparent) having ADHD or another mental disorder.
  • Maternal drug use or smoking during pregnancy and premature birth.
  • Maternal exposure to environmental poisons — such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) — during pregnancy
  • Environmental toxins, such as lead

HOW IS IT DIAGNOSED?

There is no standard test or set of tests to diagnose ADHD. The diagnosis is a matter of degree and must be made by a mental health professional with experience in this area who has thoroughly assessed your child’s behaviour in a variety of situations.To be diagnosed with ADHD, your child must also have:

  • been displaying symptoms continuously for at least six months
  • started to show symptoms before the age of 12
  • symptoms that are not just part of a developmental disorder or difficult phase, and are not better accounted for by another condition

HOW IS IT MANAGED?

The treatment of ADHD often requires several interventions in your child’s environments in order to improve the ability to function. Typical treatment involves-

  • Lifestyles changes like being structured and organised and including exercise and proper nutrition.
  • Medications.
  • Psychotherapy and behavioural therapy
  • Support at school and home.

WHEN TO SEE A DOCTOR?

If you feel that it is difficult for your child to sustain attention and complete tasks, acts impulsively and interrupts others without thinking and are worried about it being ADHD visit a health professional.

WHERE THEY CAN BE TAKEN CARE OF?

At HCRA, our multidisciplinaryreviews the child’s case and starts intervention accordingly. The HCRA team provides behavioural therapy, creative techniques in education and counsels the parents about how to support the child at home. Referral to a psychiatrist is also done in case medication is required.

 





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