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Disability Conditions we treat

Home Learning Disability

LEARNING DISABILITY 

WHAT IS LEARNING DISABILITY?

Learning disabilities are neurologically-based processing problems. Learning disabilities are problems that affect the brain's ability to receive, process, analyse, or store information. They can also interfere with higher level skills such as organization, time planning, abstract reasoning, long or short term memory and attention. Learning disability can’t be cured or fixed. It is an umbrella term for a wide variety of learning problems. 

  • Dyslexia-faces problem in reading, writing, spelling and speaking.                                                                  
  • Dyscalculia-facing problems in doing math problems, understanding time and using money.
  • Dysgraphia-difficulties facing writing, spelling and organising ideas.
  • Dyspraxia-difficulty in hand eye coordination, balance and manual dexterity.
  • Dysphasia-difficulties in spoken language and reading comprehension
  • Auditory processing disorder- difficulties in distinguishing differences in sounds.
  • Visual processing disorder-difficulty in interpreting visual information.

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS?

Learning disabilities look very different from one child to another. One child may struggle with reading and spelling, while another loves books but can’t understand math. Still another child may have difficulty understanding what others are saying or communicating out loud. The problems are very different, but they are all learning disorders.

Some of the symptoms are-

  • Difficulty with reading and/or writing.
  • Problems with math skills.
  • Difficulty remembering.
  • Problems paying attention.
  • Trouble following directions.
  • Poor coordination.
  • Difficulty with concepts related to time.
  • Problems staying organized.

WHY ARE LEARNING DISABILITIES CAUSED?

Learning disabilities are caused by something affecting the development of the brain. This may occur before birth (prenatally), during birth, or in early childhood.

  • Genetic influences-. Experts have noticed that learning disabilities tend to run in families and they think that heredity could play a role. 
  • Brain development- problems such as low birth weight, lack of oxygen, or premature birth may have something to do with learning disabilities. 
  • Environmental impacts- like toxin exposure and malnutrition. 

WHO IS AT THE RISK?

The most common risk factor is family history, however another aspect that plays a major role in learning disabilities in child abuse.

HOW IS IT DIAGNOSED?

Paying attention to normal developmental milestones for toddlers and pre-schoolers is very important. Early detection of developmental differences may be an early signal of a learning disability and problems that are spotted early can be easier to correct. Diagnosing a learning disability is a process. It involves testing, history taking, and observation by a trained specialist. A coordinated team of specialists like clinical psychologists, child psychologists, neuropsychologist, speech and language therapist together obtain an accurate diagnosis.

HOW IS IT MANAGED?

A child’s learning strengths and weaknesses should be first identified in order to make a suitable plan to optimise the child’s learning abilities. Psychological counselling is an integral part of the treatment plan for both the child and his/her family.

WHEN TO SEE A DOCTOR?

The child’s parents and teachers are most likely to suspect a learning disability since they spend the most time with the child. The child’s physician may also suspect a learning disability. If you feel that your child is persistently showing these symptoms, please see your doctor.

WHERE CAN THEY BE TAKEN CARE OF?

At HCRA, we offer a multidisciplinary support for both the child and rest of their family. Psychological, psychosocial and educational interventions are undertaken.





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