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Home Congenital Heart Disease

WHAT IS CONGENITAL HEART DISEASE?

Congenital heart disease is a problem with the heart's structure and function that is present at birth. These defects occur while the fetus is developing in the uterus.

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS?

Congenital heart disease may be diagnosed before birth, right after birth, during childhood, or not until adulthood. It is possible to have a defect and no symptoms at all. If symptoms are present, they may include:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Limited ability to exercise

WHAT ARE THE CHALLENGES FACED IN ITS TREATMENT?

  • Compounding poverty
  • Lack of medical insurance cover for young children with congenital disorders
  • Lack of resources and infrastructure – there are only 14 centres in the country that can treat paediatric cardiac cases.
  • Lack of awareness and, therefore, timely diagnosis of cardiac disorders.

WHAT IS ITS INCIDENCE IN INDIA?

With a believed incidence rate of 8/1000 live births, nearly 180,000 children are born with congenital heart disease each year in India. Of these, nearly 60000 to 90000 suffer from critical congenital heart disease, in need of early intervention.

WHY IS IT CAUSED?

In the majority of people, the cause of congenital heart disease is unknown. However, there are some factors that are associated with an increased chance of having congenital heart disease. These risk factors include:

  • Genetic or chromosomal abnormalities in the child, such as Down syndrome
  • Taking certain medications or alcohol or drug abuse during  pregnancy
  • Maternal viral infection, such as rubella (German measles) in the first trimester of pregnancy.

HOW IS CHD TREATED?

The treatment of your child receives depends on the type and severity of his or her heart defect. Other factors include your child's age, size, and general health. The main procedures are-

  • Use of catheter
  • Surgery
  • A combination of both

WHEN TO SEE A DOCTOR?

Seek emergency medical care if the child/individual has these heart disease symptoms:

  • Chest pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fainting

WHO CARES?

HCRA does! The treatment cost ranges from Rs 55,000 to 2,50,000/- depending on the medical situation. The HCRA team endeavours to support the treatment by way of arranging and seeking support from sponsors

NOTE-Information presented here is general and compiled from various sources online. It must not be mistaken for medical advice. Please consult a doctor for details.

 






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