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Home Thalassemia

WHAT IS THALASSEMIA?

Thalassemia is a group of inherited blood disorders that affect the body's ability to produce haemoglobin and red blood cells - patients have a lower-than-normal number of red blood cells in their bodies and too little haemoglobin. In many cases the red blood cells are too small.

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS?

The signs and symptoms child/individual experiences depends on the type and severity of thalassemia you have. Some babies show signs and symptoms of thalassemia at birth, while others may develop signs or symptoms during the first two years of life. Thalassemia symptoms include:

  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Pale appearance
  • Yellow discoloration of skin (jaundice)
  • Facial bone deformities
  • Slow growth
  • Abdominal swelling
  • Dark urine

WHAT ARE THE CHALLENGES FACED IN ITS TREATMENT?

  • Lack of resources and infrastructure. There need to be more centres to perform prenatal diagnosis.
  • Lack of awareness and, therefore, timely diagnosis of Thalassemia.
  • The treatment is high.

WHAT IS ITS INCIDENCE IN INDIA?

It is estimated that about 3.4% of our population is carrier of thalassemia (or suffering from minor thalassemia). Every year, approximately 7, 000 – 10, 000 children with Thalassemia Major are born in India.

WHY IS IT CAUSED?

Thalassemia is caused by mutations in the DNA of cells that make haemoglobin — the substance in your red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout your body. The mutations associated with thalassemia are passed from parents to children.

HOW IS THALASSEMIA TREATED?

Treatment for thalassemia depends on which type you have and how severe it is. Some of them are -

  • Medications
  • Frequent blood transfusions
  • Stem cell transplant

WHEN TO SEE A DOCTOR?

Make an appointment with your child's doctor for an evaluation if he or she has any signs or symptoms that are a cause for concern.

WHO CARES?

HCRA does! We specifically funds Bone Marrow Transplant of children suffering from thalassemia. For this particular disease, we work only with cases routed through Thalassemic India.

NOTE-Information presented here is general and compiled from various sources online. It must not be mistaken for medical advice. Please consult a doctor for details 



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