Special Education is a specialized area of education which uses unique instructional methods, materials, learning aids, and equipment to meet the educational needs of children with disabilities.
Students with disabilities are a heterogeneous group, varying by type and severity of disability, as well as by the many factors found in the population at large, such as income, family characteristics, temperament, and intelligence. This variation means that some students have highly specialized educational needs, such as sign language interpretation or occupational therapy.
Depending on the disability, teaching methods can include individual centric instruction, problem-solving assignments, and small group work.
Students in special education require consistent and concentrated course of instruction, greater individualization of both academic content and pacing, and greater emphasis on behaviour management and use of creative means to make learning easy and fun for children.
NEED FOR SPECIAL EDUCATION-
Special educators provide programs for specific learning disabilities, speech or language impairments, intellectual disability, emotional disturbance, multiple disabilities, hearing impairments, visual impairments, autism, combined deafness and blindness, traumatic brain injury, and other health impairments.
The need for special education for children with disability is to enable them to-
OBJECTIVES OF SPECIAL EDUCATION AT HCRA-
At HCRA, we realise that the core of the special education is the unique learning needs based on the child’s disability. It requires a number of special education related services, such as specially designed instruction, adapted materials, speech-language therapy, and adaptive physical education.
Some students with disabilities have cognitive impairments, such as intellectual disability, which can range from mild to profound. Others have specific learning disabilities that require specific teaching strategies, including accommodations and modifications to the general education curriculum. Some students' impairments are sensory, such as hearing loss and vision impairments. Others have emotional conditions.